Sunday, April 26, 2015

How to send E-mail/E-mail with Attachments in SQL Server TIP #97


In last post, TIP#96 We have configured Database E-mail. Now in this post we will see how to send mail in SQL SERVER.

Sometimes we need to send mail for different requirements like

1) Notification mails like  data inserted /updated/deleted successfully

2)Send data reports like no of amount earned, failed transaction  etc.

for this SQL SERVER provides us stored procedure “sp_send_dbMail”.

The “SP_send_dbmail” has various parameters below are some important parameters like

@profile_Name : The profile which will use to send mail

@Recipients : To whom the mails need to be send

@body : This is message body

@Subject: Subject of the mail

@Query : SQL statement which you want to share

To send a simple E-mail  we can write following statements

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_send_dbmail
    @profile_name = 'IndiandotnetMailSmtp',
    @recipients = '',
    @body = 'Mail sent successfully.',
    @subject = 'Mail via SQL SERVER ' ;

We can also send a query result either inline text format or html format or as a  attachment

Below query will send mail to me with count of students of a class. the below mail is simple text format mail

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_send_dbmail
    @profile_name = 'IndiandotnetMailSmtp',
    @recipients = '',
    @query = 'SELECT COUNT(1), Class FROM IndiandotnetDB.dbo.tblStudent GROUP BY class' ,
    @subject = 'Mail via SQL SERVER ' ;

The above mail can also be send mail as a attachment with following command

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_send_dbmail
    @profile_name = 'IndiandotnetMailSmtp',
    @recipients = '',
    @query = 'SELECT COUNT(1), Class FROM IndiandotnetDB.dbo.tblStudent GROUP BY class' ,
    @subject = 'Mail via SQL SERVER ' ,
    @attach_query_result_as_file = 1 ;

We can add @body_format = 'HTML' and use various HTML tag in query or body parameters

A part from this you can cross check E-mail status whether mail is sent or not if it is not sent the what is the reason.

Below are the statements which can help to cross check mail sent status

-- Show all the emails

SELECT * FROM msdb.dbo.sysmail_allitems

-- Show all the  sent mails
SELECT * FROM msdb.dbo.sysmail_sentitems

-- show all the un sent mails
SELECT * FROM msdb.dbo.sysmail_unsentitems

-- show all the failed mail with reason
SELECT * FROM msdb.dbo.sysmail_faileditems

I hope this might help you somewhere.



Tuesday, April 21, 2015

How to Configure E-mail in SQL Server Step by Step–TIP #96


For different reason we need to send database report , data and other SQL Server database related stuff using E-mail . SQL  Server provides E-mail functionality using “Database Email” feature. We can setup any E-mail  in few simple steps.

Let’s follow below steps

Step 1:- Open “Management” option of object Explorer in SQL SERVER  management studio.

You will find “Database Mail” option. now click on configure Database mail option as shown below


Step 2:- When you click on Configure database mail you will get below wizard screen


Step 3:- Click on next button then you will below screen which is basically provide you option to setup or manage existing profile . In our case we are going to create a fresh database mail so let the first default option as is as shown in below figure and click on next button


Step 4:- You will get below screen. Just give a unique profile name and click on ADD button which is highlighted


Step 5: Now this is the main setting of mail “SMTP settings”

In this screen we have to give proper E-mail address, password , SMTP server name & Port number. In below screen I used gmail settings for a my gmail account. You can use any email address


Step 6:- Once you assure that everything is perfect in above screen then click on OK button. When click Ok button this SMTP profile will be saved and you can find in below screen now click on next button


Step 7:-  If you want you can make this profile as public default profile means default this profile will be use if someone wants to send mail from sql database. Now click Next button till the end of wizard you will following screens.





Step7:- Now click on Finish button then your setting will be actually saved in database and below screen will appear.


Now Once you close the above screen you are good to go.

You can test this by sending a test mail to your account using following screen


I hope this steps may help you to setup database email.

Enjoy Database E-mail and try to send a test mail to me also.

Enjoy !!


Thursday, April 16, 2015

Good things should be appreciated–SQL sentry Plan Explorer TIP #95

Although , It is out of box but I would like to share here. I am very choosy in food. When my mother/wife cooked food and I didn’t like the taste then I explicitly said I didn't like but when food taste was awesome then I didn't say a word.
My mother taught me “You should appreciate every thing which is good.” You’re single appreciation word do things
1. You feel yourself better
2. The person who did the good thing will be motivated to do more good things (in my case more tasty food wow Open-mouthed smile)
This lesson of my mother is now one of the rule life.
So here I would like to say  one of the best tool I came across is “SQL Sentry plan Explorer”.   There are various great features of this tool but I would like to share few things which attract me more
1) It comes in two versions (Basic & professional ) .Basic version is absolutely free free free.
2) It makes SQL developer’s life easy. You can easily  cross check query plan easily.
see below snap.

You can also view logical read ,table scan and various other useful data
You can download this from

Saturday, April 4, 2015

Very useful SET XACT_ABORT TIP#94

SET XACT_ABORT is one of the hidden gem we can say. It is helpful in many ways.
Let me explain by an example suppose you are working on a stored procedure which is doing a complex data manipulation. You though this query will run with in 1 minute when you run it from .NET or other code , but some how it took quite long time and with in one minute .NET or the code from which you run the query raised a command timeout.
Or we can say you have applied transaction in stored procedure and calling from .NET code and you have mention the command timeout in .NET .The ADO.NET program raised a timeout but still your query is running in background.
Now in such situation sometimes it happened the transaction which is running in SQL SERVER will be open transaction. Which might be  cause of locking problem.
In such situation  XACT_ABORT option is helpful.
By default XACT_ABORT option is off you can on it by following statement
Now when this statement is on and if you face same situation as mentioned above it will rollback entire batch.
Let me explain with below example
Suppose I wrote following statement “Notice here XACT ABORT is OFF”
Now , when I run the above statements I will get following result in result window
And in the message window we will get following result
What it means instead of the error at least 3 records are inserted but sometimes you require either all or no record commit in the table then let me enable the option XACT_ABORT ON in the query
Now let me re run the statements again. When I run the above statements I got following result in message tab there is no result tab.what is means ??
It means what ever inserted is roll backed when an error occurred in a statement. Although The above example is not the best example of XACT_Abort but it will help to understand how to use it.

I appreciate your inputs on this valuable topic.