Thursday, November 20, 2014

How to disable constraints of a table ? TIP #74


You are reading this post just because of two reason

1) You are curious whether it is possible or not and why we require ?

2) You need to disable constraints  Smile

So , let me share here that you can disable constraints at anytime of a table.

Sometime it is possible when you are doing bulk insert or you need to insert values in column and for this you need to disable constraints.

You can disable all the constraints of a table using following command


If you want to disable a specific constraint of a table then you can use following syntax


For example suppose you want to disable all the constraints of  student table then you can write following syntax



Below is very live example in Indian scenario

Suppose you added a check marks in last class more than 45% then only add student now due to some out side pressure you want to give admission to a student who has 40% percent then you need to disable percentage check.

ALTER TABLE dbo.Student NOCHECK chk_Student_Percentage_40

I hope this might help you somewhere.



Wednesday, November 19, 2014

How to determine Meta data or result set information of a stored procedure /trigger ? TIP # 73


Sometimes it may require that you don’t know what will be output of  a stored procedure ? what kind of result set it return ?

In such case SQL SERVER provided a new DMV statement which is sys.dm_exec_describe_first_result_set_for_object.

In other words if we want to know result set’s meta data then we can use it.

Lets understand this by an example.

Suppose we have an advertisementSelect stored procedure as shown below


As you see there are various column returning by the stored procedure.

Now let suppose we don’t have enough permission to view its definition or any other reason we are not able to view actual what is return in the stored procedure and now we want to know what is the result set then in such case we will use DMV command which is “SYS.DM_EXEC_DESCRIBE_FIRST_RESULT_SET_FOR_OBJECT”

We can use it as follows

FROM sys.dm_exec_describe_first_result_set_for_object

When we run it we will get result which we require as shown in below figure


If you see above screen you will find all the columns with their data type which will come as a result set of a stored procedure “AdvertisementSelect

I hope this may help you somewhere.



Friday, November 14, 2014

How to replace a specific string from a large string with Write feature ? TIP #72


This is very interesting feature and I recently come to know this awesome feature.

Lets understand this by an example below

Suppose we have a student table with following structure  as shown in below image


We have a detail column with VARCHAR(MAX) .

Now as it is VARCHAR(MAX) column it may content a large amount of data currently it has following data as shown in below figure


Suppose we want to replace a specific string from this large column value like we want to replace “interested in” with “Always”  of  studentId = 1 then

we can use write function easily.

With the help of Write we can update a specific text/string  of a large column.

syntax of Write is as shown below


SET COLUMNNAME.WRITE (ReplacedWithString, startPosition, length)

WHERE clause

Now lets understand this by above student example where we want to replace “Interested in” which is doubled by mistake with “always


So when you run above query you will get following result when you run select command.


great we have replaced the string which we want.

The main benefit of this the entire column value is not logged. suppose you have 2 GB data in your column then instead of logging 2 GB data at the time update only few KB will be logged.

I hope this might helpful to you somewhere.

Thanks !!!


Monday, November 10, 2014

How explicitly insert default value ? TIP #72


Suppose, sometimes you just need  entry in the table with all the default values.

For example you have a Student table which looks like as below

CREATE TABLE #tmpStudent (StudentId INT IDENTITY(1,1),
                          FirstName VARCHAR(100) DEFAULT 'RAJAT',
                          Course    VARCHAR(100) DEFAULT 'MATHS')


Now , suppose for in some situation we need just default entry for example in my case I am just trying to insert 100 rows with default value so I need to write below statement

INSERT INTO #tmpStudent (FirstName ,Course ) VALUES (Default, default)

Now when I run the above statement. It insert default value of FirstName,course

I hope this might be helpful to you somewhere.



Sunday, November 9, 2014

How to pause execution for particular time or interval ? TIP #71


Suppose, We are working on a stored procedure in which some complex operation is going. We are fetching some value from a table and running some custom operations and after ending of this complex operation, we want a pause of suppose 10 seconds to run another job then in such situation we will use


For example if we want to run select command (second statement) after 10 second delay of first command execution then we will use this as shown in below

INSERT INTO tblStudent (StudentId, StudentName)

VALUES (‘123’,’ABc’)

-- in the background we are running some cursor which would take aprox 10 seconds so we are waiting for 10 seconds here


SELECT * FROM tblStudentHistory

In other situation suppose you want to run specific command after particular time then in such cases we will use “WAITFOR TIME  HH: MM: SS”


“WAITFOR TIME 22:30:45 “   it means SQL statement will pause till 10:30:45 PM

I hope this tips may help you somewhere in your project.




Friday, November 7, 2014

How to find all running SQL Server Instance on a machine ? TIP #70

Hello friends,

Many times it happened with me I forgot the instance name of SQL Server.

So here is a small trick which will help you in determining the entire running SQL Server instance on your machine.

You just need to run a simple command on Command prompt.

 C:\>SQLcmd -L

This simple command will provide entire running instance on your machine.

Enjoy this Trick.

Thanks & Best Regards,

Monday, November 3, 2014

How to copy table structure only from a SQL Query ? Tip #69


Recently , one of my friends shared that some interviewer asked him a question “How to copy table structure only from a  SQL Query?”


Below is simplest query to copy structure only of a table into another table.

Into #tmpStudentStructure
FROM tblStudentSource
WHERE 1= 0

in the above query we want to copy structure of tblStudentSource.

see below snap which help you to understand it more


I hope this might help you if some asked you this question.

Thanks & Enjoy!!!


Saturday, November 1, 2014

How easy it is to check which statements consuming most of the CPU & RAM–TIP #68


Problem:-  One of the most important question comes in our mind what is the cause of slow  SQL SERVER.

We always struggle with following questions

Which is highly CPU consuming query ?

Which is highly RAM consuming query ?

Who is blocking the transaction ?

and many more other performance dragging questions.

Believe me if you know who is culprit of making your system slow, you will win half battle.

Solution:-  SQL Server provided an easy way to clear your all doubts related to above questions. This easy way is “STANDARD REPORTS”.

You can access Standard Reports option by right clicking the SQL SERVER instance. These Standard reports contains not only performance related reports but other useful reports also.

If you see below image you will find there are many other reports option available.


Now, suppose I am interested to know which query consuming high CPU , to achieve this I clicked on   Performance Query – TOP Queries by Average CPU time or Performance query – Top queries  by total CPU time.

When I clicked on any of this option ,I got a report.

This report contained a bar graph & query detail in tabular format which contains query & CPU consuming time as shown below.



in similar way we can get answer of our other performance related query also.

I hope this may help you somewhere.

Thanks & Best Regards,